Mathematics Degree


Mathematics Courses in Canada

Study a mathematics program in Canada

Mathematics is the study of numbers, quantities, shapes, and patterns, and it serves as the foundation for understanding the structure of the world around us. From ancient civilizations to modern technological advancements, mathematics has played a pivotal role in shaping our understanding of natural phenomena, guiding scientific discoveries, and fueling innovations in various disciplines. Due to its profound impact and the fact that mathematical principles are the same everywhere, the discipline is also called a "universal language."

Canada's mathematics programs are a popular choice for international students. They often incorporate practical applications of mathematics, preparing students for careers in fields such as finance, technology, and scientific research. The versatility of a mathematics degree is another factor contributing to its popularity, as graduates can pursue diverse paths, including academia, industry, or government roles.

Graduates of mathematics programs in Canada enjoy promising career prospects. The strong analytical and quantitative skills developed during the degree program make mathematics graduates highly sought after in finance, data science, and technology industries. Problem-solving abilities cultivated through rigorous coursework and research projects equip students for roles in diverse fields, including engineering, cryptography, and operations research.  

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Types of Mathematics Program

Bachelor's in Mathematics

A bachelor's degree in mathematics involves a foundational core of courses covering calculus, linear algebra, discrete mathematics, and probability theory. As students progress, they often have the opportunity to specialize in areas like pure mathematics, applied mathematics, or computational mathematics. The curriculum is designed to hone analytical thinking, problem-solving skills, and a deep understanding of mathematical principles.

The bachelor's program also allows students to choose elective courses based on their interests and career goals, which may include topics like number theory, statistics, differential equations, mathematical modelling, and advanced calculus. Many of these programs also incorporate applied mathematics courses, emphasizing the practical application of mathematical principles to address real-world challenges. Given the increasing intersection of mathematics and computer science, some programs also integrate computer science courses to ensure students are familiar with programming languages and computational tools relevant to mathematical applications.

Master's in Mathematics

Students who wish to study for an advanced and specialized degree in mathematics opt for a master's program in the subject. Courses at this level of education in Canada are designed to impart a deeper understanding of advanced mathematical theories, research methodologies, and applications. The program usually combines advanced coursework, a chance to undertake independent research, and often a thesis or major project.

During the course, students delve into advanced mathematical topics to build on the foundational knowledge gained during their undergraduate studies through courses covering abstract algebra, real analysis, topology, differential geometry, and mathematical modelling. Master's in mathematics in Canada strongly emphasizes research, allowing students to engage in independent research projects, during which they work closely with faculty advisors or research groups. Students also have the flexibility to specialize in specific branches of mathematics based on their interests and career goals. Some programs also offer interdisciplinary opportunities, encouraging students to apply mathematical principles to other disciplines such as physics, computer science, engineering, or finance. In this advanced level of education, students also participate in seminars and colloquia, attending talks by guest speakers, faculty members, or fellow students. 

PhD in Mathematics

A PhD in mathematics in Canada is for individuals aspiring to make significant contributions to the field of mathematics, particularly through their original research work. Students usually undertake advanced coursework covering various mathematical topics, including advanced algebra, real and complex analysis, topology, and specialized topics within the candidate's chosen research area.


Prospective international students who wish to study mathematics courses in Canada can also avail of the various scholarship options. These financial aid opportunities allow students on a budget to pursue world-renowned degrees in mathematics. Some of the best scholarships available to international students who want to study in Canada are:

Jobs and Careers

The versatility of a mathematics degree allows graduates to transition into various industries, including finance, technology, healthcare, and academia, after graduation. The strong analytical foundation and problem-solving skills acquired through mathematics courses position individuals for success in Canada and internationally. Following are some of the most common career paths that mathematics graduates can take:


The career pathways for mathematics graduates are diverse, which also applies to the salary structure, which can vary depending on several factors, like the career path a graduate takes, their overall experience, and the industry they are working in. However, entry-level positions for mathematics graduates can allow them to earn around CAD 45,000 per year, while mid-level positions can reach up to CAD 70,000 annually. Professionals with years of experience and specializations can command salaries up to CAD 111,000 per year.

Where can I study Mathematics in Canada?

To learn more about the best mathematics universities in Canada, find details on the top ranking Mathematics programs in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2024 below:

  1. University of Toronto
  2. University of British Columbia
  3. University of Waterloo
  4. University of Montreal
  5. McGill University
  6. University of Alberta
  7. McMaster University
  8. Simon Fraser University
  9. University of Calgary 
  10. Queen's University at Kingston

Study Mathematics in Canada

If you want to pursue a mathematics course in Canada, book a free consultation with SI-Canada today to learn more about the application process and other important aspects of studying as an international student.

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How much does MSc mathematics cost in Canada?

Studying for an MSc in math can cost a student anywhere from CAD 9,500 to CAD 27,000 per year.

How do I apply for a PhD in mathematics in Canada?

To apply for a PhD in mathematics, you must first identify the universities and programs that best align with your career goals. Check the admission requirements, which usually include a relevant master's degree and standardized test scores like the GRE, in addition to language proficiency test scores. Prepare and submit a comprehensive application with your research proposal through the university's online application system by the specified deadline. You must also be prepared for potential interviews or additional assessments during selection.

What are the career prospects for mathematics graduates in Canada?

Mathematics graduates in Canada can find diverse career prospects across industries. With strong analytical and problem-solving skills, they can find job opportunities for actuaries, data scientists, statisticians, educators, economists, and researchers. 

What is the typical duration of a mathematics course in Canada?

The undergraduate courses can be done in 4 years, while the masters in mathematics can be completed in 2 years. PhD candidates can expect to finish their degree in around 4-6 years.

Increase your chances of success when applying

SI-Canada specializes in selecting the right Canadian university or college for international students by reviewing your academic background, discussing your career goals and helping you apply. Our application services can help you achieve your dream of studying in Canada.

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