Biotechnology in Canada


Biotechnology Courses in Canada

Introduction to studying biotechnology programs in Canada

Biotechnology is an exciting field of study at the intersection of biology and technology. Its functioning has revolutionized how we understand and harness living organisms for the betterment of various industries, such as medicine, environmental science, and agriculture. As a dynamic field, biotechnology encompasses various disciplines, leveraging biological systems, cellular processes, and genetic information to drive innovation in industries to improve healthcare outcomes and address pressing global challenges.

Canada's appeal as a destination for biotechnology studies is attributed to its world-class education system and commitment to research excellence. Canadian universities often collaborate with leading industry players, exposing students to cutting-edge technologies and industry practices. Canada's diverse ecosystems also create opportunities for studying unique aspects of biotechnology, such as environmental or agricultural biotechnology. The collaborative and inclusive learning environment, coupled with the prospect of contributing to groundbreaking research, makes pursuing a biotechnology degree in Canada a popular choice for international students passionate about positively impacting the scientific community.

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Types of Degree

Bachelor’s in Biotechnology

Typically spanning four years, a bachelor's degree in biotechnology combines foundational biology and chemistry courses with specialized modules focusing on genetic engineering, molecular biology, bioinformatics, and bioprocessing. Students gain hands-on experience through laboratory work and have opportunities to engage in research projects that contribute to advancements in the field. The interdisciplinary nature of the curriculum equips graduates with a comprehensive skill set, preparing them for various roles in the biotechnology industry.

The coursework is structured to provide a deep understanding of biological systems, coupled with the technical skills necessary for laboratory work and research projects. The experiential approach to education in Canada allows students to reinforce theoretical concepts by applying biotechnological principles in professional settings. As part of their study years, students can also get industry internship opportunities, which can smoothen their transition from academia to professional life. After completing the undergraduate program, they can either enter the job market or advance their knowledge base by studying for a master's in biotechnology.

Master’s in Biotechnology

A master’s in biotechnology provides an advanced level of education to students who wish to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. It is ideal for individuals with a background in biological sciences, bioengineering, or related fields and allows them to specialize in their interests. 

Most master's in biotechnology courses have an intensive curriculum that delves into advanced concepts and applications within the biotechnology sector. Students can expect to study various subjects, such as molecular biology, genetic engineering, bioinformatics, and bioprocessing. Additionally, they can tailor their course structure by choosing elective modules in different areas like pharmaceutical biotechnology, environmental biotechnology, or medical biotechnology. Some courses also strongly emphasize research, which allows students to actively engage in independent projects, thesis work, or collaborative research initiatives under the guidance of experienced faculty. 

PhD in Biotechnology

The highest level of education in the field can be achieved by earning a PhD in biotechnology. Specially designed for individuals with a strong biotechnology or biological sciences background, these doctoral programs provide an intensive, research-focused study. The curriculum generally emphasizes advanced theoretical knowledge, cutting-edge methodologies, and the development of independent research skills.

PhD candidates explore specialized areas within biotechnology, such as genetic engineering, synthetic biology, or advanced bioprocessing. The coursework component is often tailored to students' research interests, allowing them to deepen their expertise in specific aspects of biotechnological research.


International students may find the financial commitments of the biotechnology courses tough, as they generally need to pay a higher amount than local students. To ease the financial burden, they can avail of scholarships and funding opportunities from different organizations.

Jobs and Careers

The biotechnology sector in Canada is dynamic and rapidly evolving, with several industries using biotechnological advancements. After completing their education in the field, students can find multiple opportunities in research, industry, or healthcare settings. Some of the major career pathways for biotechnology graduates are mentioned below: 


Biotechnology salaries for graduates in Canada generally vary depending on several factors, including the level of education, years of experience, job role, and the specific industry or sector. However, entry-level positions can earn around CAD 50,000 per year on average. With a few years of experience, one can reach the mid-level of their career, earning around CAD 78,000 annually. Professionals with several years of experience and advanced degrees command higher salaries of around CAD 129,000 annually.

Where can I study Biotechnology in Canada?

To learn more about the best biotechnology universities in Canada, find details on the top ranking Biological Science programs in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2024 below:

  1. University of Toronto
  2. University of British Columbia
  3. McGill University
  4. University of Alberta
  5. University of Montreal
  6. McMaster University
  7. University of Calgary
  8. Dalhousie University
  9. Queen's University at Kingston
  10. University of Guelph

Study Biotechnology in Canada

If you want to pursue a biotechnology course in Canada, book a free consultation with SI-Canada today to learn more about the application process and other important aspects of studying in Canada as an international student.

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What is the duration of a biotechnology course in Canada?

The undergraduate program lasts four years, while a master's in biotechnology in Canada can be completed in 1-2 years. PhD candidates can expect to complete their education in 3-5 years. 

Which university is best for a biotechnology course in Canada?

According to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2024, the University of Toronto is the best place in Canada to study biotechnology.

How much does a biotechnology course cost in Canada?

Undergraduate courses can range anywhere from CAD 20,000-40,000, while the master's can be done for around CAD 11,000-55,000.

What exam is required for biotechnology courses in Canada?

The specific exams required for biotechnology courses in Canada can depend on the level of study and the university's admission requirements. All universities offering biotechnology courses in Canada need English language proficiency test scores to give admission to international students. Some programs may require GRE scores, particularly for graduate and postgraduate studies.

Increase your chances of success when applying

SI-Canada specializes in selecting the right Canadian university or college for international students by reviewing your academic background, discussing your career goals and helping you apply. Our application services can help you achieve your dream of studying in Canada.

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